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History

Effigy vessel from the southwestern United States, collected by Leland Stanford, Jr.

Effigy vessel from the southwestern United States, collected by Leland Stanford, Jr. (Object ID 15106).

Stanford University Archaeology Collections of the Stanford Archaeology Center

SUAC's origins predate the university itself. They reflect cultural encounters and broad intellectual trends, as well as the unique history of Stanford University.

19th century

SUAC's diverse holdings originated in the late 19th century with the Stanford family’s personal collections. The collections greatly expanded after the founding of the University and University Museum (now the Iris & B. Gerald Cantor Center for Visual Arts at Stanford University) in 1891. Acquisitions remained idiosyncratic and opportunistic throughout the 19th century.

As colonial expansion dispossessed tribes across the country, California’s dynamic social networks shaped new economic and political power, multicultural conflict, strategic tribal survivance, and collecting cultures—including at Stanford.

Post-World War II

After World War II, Stanford’s then-new Anthropology Department made increasing use of the university’s anthropological collections in teaching and research. During this time, the holdings grew through faculty and alumni donations, as well as campus and regional archaeology projects.

Post 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake

A substantial portion of the University Museum’s anthropological collection was formally transferred to the Anthropology Department after the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake.

This collection of archaeological and ethnographic artifacts, combined with campus and area archaeology assemblages, is now held by the Stanford Archaeology Center and stewarded by SUAC.